Archive | June, 2011

Understanding and Protecting the Word of God

16 Jun

Understanding and Protecting the Word of God

Rom. 10:11-17 Matt. 13:1-23 1 John 4:16-18 Isaiah 54:11-17

Whenever you hear the Word of God two things happen: Faith Comes; and Satan comes; Faith comes to feed our spirit and build us up. Satan comes to try to steal the source of our faith from your heart; We need to keep hearing the Word of God so our Faith can grow; but we also need to know that the devil will try to take the Word you heard away from you, thru pressure, problems, fear, persecution and even questioning the Word you heard, like in the Garden of Eden Satan may come with a question “Has God said?”

Satan is only successful when you don’t understand the Word of God. Jesus said that when a person Understands the Word – the devil CANNOT STEAL THE WORD! Remember – Faith refuses to give up or be moved in the face of Satan and everything he throws at us. You are more than a conquerer in Christ, you have the authority to run the devil off, as you understand the Word you will not be defeated. Praise God!!


Mat 13:16 “But blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear.

Mat 13:17 I tell you the truth, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, but they didn’t see it. And they longed to hear what you hear, but they didn’t hear it.

Mat 13:18 “Now listen to the explanation of the parable about the farmer planting seeds:

Mat 13:19 The seed that fell on the footpath represents those who hear the message about the Kingdom and don’t understand it. Then the evil one comes and snatches away the seed that was planted in their hearts.

Mat 13:20 The seed on the rocky soil represents those who hear the message and immediately receive it with joy.

Mat 13:21 But since they don’t have deep roots, they don’t last long. They fall away as soon as they have problems or are persecuted for believing God’s word.

Mat 13:22 The seed that fell among the thorns represents those who hear God’s word, but all too quickly the message is crowded out by the worries of this life and the lure of wealth, so no fruit is produced.

Mat 13:23 The seed that fell on good soil represents those who truly hear and understand God’s word and produce a harvest of thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times as much as had been planted!”

Satan always tries to steal the Word of God from your heart (Mark 4:1-20 Matt. 13:1-23)

Satan will come to see if you really understand the Word of God. (Gen 3) When you don’t understand the Word, he can steal it. Joy comes by understanding the Word (Neh. 8)  if Satan can’t steal your joy he can’t defeat you. Your ability to receive the Word depends on the condition of your heart, which is compared to soil- good, wayside, stony, and thorny ground.

You must resist the devil when he tries to steal the Word. (James 4:6)

Use the Sword of the Spirit, the accurate Word of God against the devil Eve failed at this because she did not understand the Word, she miss quoted the Word, and she added to it (Gen 3: )


Walking in Love and not being offended is a way to protect the Word in your heart.


You resist the devil be having complete confidence that God loves you (John 17 1 John 4:16-18) The way to resist the devil is not to fight him in the flesh; we don’t fight people; we walk in perfected love.  by walking in perfected love fear cannot attack you and steal the Word.

Affliction will arise in the life of a believer; God, however is not responsible for it. (Isaiah 54:11-17)

God promises that He will deliver us out of All our afflictions (Psalms 34: ) Stay in Love when you are afflicted. Anyone established in righteousness can’t be touched by the harassment or the oppression of the devil God originally created Lucifer for Praise and Worship in heaven, but his disobedience earned him title of “waster” When you know and believe that you are the righteousness of God, no weapon formed against you shall prosper. Take control of your emotions and words during affliction. If you refuse to give in to fear and focus more on walking in love and constantly use your authority when challenges arise, you will never be defeated.

The Church and the Great Commission

16 Jun

by Chaplain Jonathan


Imagine Jesus, the head of the church, standing here with His nail scarred hands outstretched towards you, and saying the following words with an urgency of authority.

Matt 28:18-20 (NAS) “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, ‘All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

19 GO therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,

20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.'”

This is the great commission of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ to the church.

Commission – Websters: an authoritative order, or charge; authority granted for a particular action or function, to authorize, send on a mission.

Sadly these are probably the most disobeyed verses in the Bible by a vast majority of  U.S.A.Christians.

What do we see from these verses?

  1. Jesus has legally taken back all authority that was sold to satan by Adam.
  2. In telling us to go, He has transferred that authority onto us.
  3. This instruction to go is to all believers and NOT just a select few.
  4. We are to make disciples and not just evangelize all nations. The Greek word literally means we are to enroll as a learner or pupil.
  5. Our field is the world and not just our community.
  6. We are to disciple them through the doctrines of Christ (e.g. baptism) and not just evangelize them.
  7. They are to be thoroughly taught in the foundation truths of the Word of God.
  8. We can do all this in the strength of the greater One who indwells and empowers us.
  9. ~With the emptiness and unanswered questions in many people’s hearts today, they are seeking for reality and truth – and are more open to receive Christ’s message than ever before – when it’s presented convincingly and powerfully.

Acts 19:20 (TCNT) “So irresistibly did the Lord’s message spread and prevail.”


Acts 10:34 (KJV) “Then Peter opened his mouth and said, ‘of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons.'”

Any healthy local church can experience growth today if they will revitalize the secret of the early church  – equipping the saints to minister..

Ezek 37:10 (NAS) “So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath came into them and they came to life, and stood on their feet, an exceedingly great army.”

In Ezek 37:1-14 the vision of the “Valley of Dry Bones” is a prophecy of the restoration of the church.

Restoration – Websters: to return something to its original condition.

As the Saints are  trained and released, the church will once again look like a mighty army as they were in the book of Acts.

Christ will only return when this restoration is complete.

Acts 3:20-21 (NAS) …and that He may send Jesus, the Christ appointed for you,

21 whom heaven must receive (and retain – Amp) until the period of restoration of all things about which God spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets from ancient time.


We have heard much about the population explosion which has been increasing at a far greater rate than the church. Of the 6 billion people on planet earth, 2.7 billion have never heard the Gospel.

86,400 people are plunging into hell everyday, 3,600 every hour, 60 every minute, one a second.

The world has been multiplying while the church has been making additions. The only answer is SPIRITUAL MULTIPLICATION.

The 90% of Christians who are just basically warming the pews need to join in the ranks,

Eph 6:15 (NAS) “And having shod your feet with the PREPARATION of the Gospel of peace.”

15 (Knox) “…having your feet in readiness to publish the Gospel.”

This is a command for all Christians and not just for trained ministers.

Luke 10:19 (NAS) “Behold, I have given YOU authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall injure you.”

You will never tread on serpents or scorpions unless you’re wearing your Gospel boots. The only way to kill the scorpion in the heart of a hostile sinner is to get him saved.

Many Christians are trying improve their walk by focusing on everything, except the most important thing, putting on their gospel shoes. Those who wear and use their gospel shoes will always have a heart close to the heart of God – they will never backslide – how can you backslide while you’re moving forwards?

Acts 1:8a (NAS) …but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses…”

Rom 1:16a (NAS) For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes

Power – Greek: dunamis (doo’-nam-is): force; miraculous power; strength, ability; inherent power residing in a believer.

As the saints become equipped with the anointing of the Holy Spirit and the power of the Gospel which is the dunamis of God we will see an explosion of evangelism.


You will never train a pilot by giving him 100 lectures on flying. Likewise, you will never train an evangelist by giving him 100 lectures on witnessing.

One on one witnessing is the most effective form of evangelism and a key to revival, but the saint  must first be trained and equipped.


His first instruction was:

Matt 4:19 (NAS) “And He said to them, ‘Follow Me, and I will make you FISHERS OF MEN.'”

If you’re not a Fisher of Men are you following Jesus?

His last instruction was:

Acts 1:8a (NAS) “But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and YOU SHALL BE My witnesses…”

Witness – Greek: martus (mar’-toos); a witness, by analogy a “martyr”.

God’s primarily purpose in anointing us is to do the work of the ministry – not so we can enjoy goose bumps on goose bumps. (Holy Ghost Pimples)

We can thus conclude that the church is a body UNDER ORDERS by Christ to share the Gospel with the whole world.


Imagine if our enemies could deceive our Defence Force that war was too dangerous – so leave the fighting to the generals. If that ever happened, our country would become an easy target for the enemy. That is exactly what satan has done in the church.

The members of the body of Christ have left the work of the ministry to the trained ecclesiastical generals and gone on AWOL.

2 Cor 2:11 (NAS) “…in order that no advantage be taken of us by satan, for we are not ignorant of his schemes.”

11b (Moffatt) “…for well I know his maneuvers.”

We have to be able to out maneuver satan – God has a victorious plan for your community to be won for Christ.


Acts 8:4 (TCNT) “Now those who were scattered in different directions (Moffatt) went through the land preaching the Gospel.”

Someone said, “Well those who went everywhere preaching the Gospel were the apostles.”

Acts 8:1b (NAS) “And on that day a great persecution arose against the church in Jerusalem; (TCNT) and it’s members were all scattered (NAS) throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, EXCEPT THE APOSTLES.”.

Acts 2:41b (NAS) “…and there were added that day about 3 000 souls.”

Acts 4:4b (NAS) “…and the number of men came to be about 5 000.”

Acts 4:20 (NAS) “…for we cannot stop speaking what we have seen and heard.”

Acts 5:14 (NAS) “And all the more believers in the Lord, MULTITUDES of men and women, were constantly added to their number.”

Acts 6:1a (NAS) “Now at this time, while the disciples were increasing in number…”

Acts 6:7a (TCNT) “Meanwhile God’s word continued to spread; (KJV) and the number of the disciples multiplied (TCNT) rapidly…”

Acts 11:24b (Weymouth) “…and the number of believers in the Lord greatly increased.”

Acts 12:24 (TCNT) “Meanwhile the Lord’s message kept extending and spreading far and wide.”

Acts 13:44 (NAS) “And the next Sabbath nearly the whole city assembled to hear the word of God.”

Acts 13:49 (NAS) “And the word of the Lord was being spread through the whole region.”

Acts 16:5b (Norlie) “So the churches…daily increased in membership.”

Acts 17:6b (Rotherham) “They who have thrown the inhabited world into confusion (TCNT) have now come here.”

Acts 17:6b (Berkeley) “These world revolutionists (NAS) have come here also.”

Acts 19:20 (TCNT) “So irresistibly did the Lord’s message spread and prevail.”

Acts 21:20b (TCNT) “…that the Jews who have become believers in Christ may be numbered by tens of thousands.”

The Bible has prophesied that the latter day revival will be greater than the former revival revealed to us in the above scriptures.

Hag 2:9a (KJV) The glory of this latter house (last day church) shall be greater than of the former (the early church), saith the LORD of hosts…

Eph 5:27 (NAS) …that He (Christ the groom) might present to Himself the church (the bride) in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that she should be holy and blameless.

Christ is coming back for beautiful, glorious, victorious bride. He will not have to sneak out His bride in embarrassment and shame.

Unfortunately, after the year 300 AD there started to arise a division between the clergy and the laity and the task of evangelism fell onto the shoulders of the minority of ministers, and 1000 years of Dark Ages followed.

to be continued

Three Keys to Enjoying the Fullness of the New Life

2 Jun

from “BORN ANEW – Living the New Life with God’s Prevailing Purpose by Dr. Jonathan Doctor


A vast majority of Christians are living beneath their priv­ileges. What do I mean by that? I’m referring to the fact that as born-again believers, we have inherited enormous rights and privileges. We’re children of the King!

Yet far too many believers are content to trudge through life like lowly beggars, consoling themselves in the knowledge that they’ll go to heaven by and by.


You don’t have to live that way. Jesus said He came to bring you abundant life. The following three keys will help you appropriate all the benefits the new birth brings.


1.Unlocking God’s Promises


God’s Word is literally filled with promises to you as a believer. However, those great and precious promises will not become a reality in your life automatically. You must unlock them with the key of faith.


Yes, to receive the fullness of God’s promises in your life, you must have faith, and the only source of faith is the Word of God: “So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God” (Romans 10:17).


When you focus your time and attention on God’s Word, faith is the result. I’m talking about the kind of faith that will bring God’s promises down from the realm of the spirit right into your life.


We get a glimpse of how faith works in Hebrews 11:1: “Now faith is the substance of things hoped for.”

When you first read a promise in God’s Word, it enters your mind as hope. This begins the process of faith. Then as you meditate on that promise and confess it over your situation (saying what God’s Word says about it), hope drops down into your heart and becomes faith.


2.Understand the Enemy of Your Faith


In discovering the wonderful truth about faith, don’t make the mistake of thinking all your problems will instantly vanish the moment you are born again. Many new Christians see God’s promises in the Bible and assume they can simply float around on a “faith cloud.”


The Bible, however, makes it very clear that we have a real enemy to contend with in this life: “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour” (1 Peter 5:8).

Satan will try to come against you with sickness, oppres­sion, and poverty—the very things Jesus died to redeem

you from. But if you’ll refuse to listen to his lies and stand firm on God’s Word, you’ll rise above every circumstance.


The most important thing a new believer needs to be aware of is that Satan’s favorite and most insidious tactic is to steal the Word from your heart. Jesus exposed this method in the parable of the sower and the seed: “When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understand­eth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart” (Matthew 13:18, 19).


It is vital that new believers recognize that they have an enemy who is out to steal the Word from their hearts.


3.Be Built Up in God’s Word


There is a reason Satan is so determined to steal the Word before it can take root in your heart. That Word will cause you to grow in power, faith, and authority.


“As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow by it.” (1 Peter 2:2)

In this respect, a brand-new Christian is no different than a newborn baby. Both must eat in order to grow and gain strength.


Once your spiritual growth and development begins, the new life that is yours in Christ through faith will begin to open to you. Before long, the memory of your old life will begin to seem like nothing more than a bad dream. You’ll wonder how you could have ever lived without the joy that is available to you through the new birth.Be sure to be diligent in your study of God’s Word. It’s your source of spiritual nourishment.

Paul’s Prayer for a Spirit of Wisdom and Revelation

2 Jun

by Dr. Jonathan Doctor

Paul’s Prayer for a Spirit of Wisdom and Revelation

Why do we need a Spirit of Wisdom and revelation? Because God’s Word is spirit: “It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life” ( John 6:63, nas).

There is a wealth of spiritual treasure we need to discover in God’s Word. Most Christians are living in ignorance far below their rightful privileges.

Don’t just read the Word. Prayerfully ask the Holy Spirit to teach you and you’ll start to get revelation. Divine wisdom will be imparted to your spirit man as you gain an intimate and growing knowledge of Him through the Word.

This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have success. Joshua 1:8 (nas)

The Christian life should be described as getting to know God better every day. A friendship that does not grow closer with the years tends to vanish with the years. Paul prayed “that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened”— that inner illumination of the spirit.

Ephesians 1:18 says,

“I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened.”

Eyes gather information. Through them you know what’s happening around you. Many Christians have a dull spiritual perception. They daily skim over the surface of the Word and mostly miss the message God’s trying to communicate to them. Neither do they pick up what’s happening in the spirit world around them. Paul prays for their spiritual eyes to be enlightened so they might know three things; they must know these three things:  That you may know (by divine revelation) the hope of His calling. 

Ephesians 1:18  

The hope to which He has called you …

We are all called by God, not just the pastor and the elders. Not all are called to full-time ministry, or to stand in the fivefold office of apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher.

To all the Hebrews … Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling … Hebrews 3:1a (nas) 


To all the Corinthians … For consider your calling, brethren, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble; 27 but God has chosen the foolish things of the world to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to shame the things which are strong … 1 Corinthians 1:2627 (nas)


Where is your church to which He has called you? It is the spiritual duty of the pastor and the members to press in to discover their calling and place in the ministry. The hope of His calling includes the eternal reward waiting in heaven for all who discover and obeying their calling.


For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus; who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds. Titus 2:1114 (nas)


This hope should inspire us to pursue our calling. Too many Christians are without vision, focus, or direction. They need to discover the hope of His calling. As you daily begin to pray this prayer over your life, your calling will become clearer to you. You’ll also have the corresponding desire, will, and grace to walk in it.


That you may know (by divine revelation) what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints … Ephesians 1:18


The word inheritance in the Greek is kleronomia (klay-ron-om-ee’-ah); which means heirship; an inheritance, property a son inherits on the death of his father.  The root word of inheritance in the Greek is kleronomos (klay-ron-om’-os); in Messianic usage it means one who receives his allotted possession by right of sonship.

If you’re born again, you qualify for the inheritance.

Giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in light. For He delivered us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. Colossians 1:1214 (nas)  

What is the Difference between the Spirit and Soul

2 Jun

by Dr. Jonathan Doctor, Th.M, Ph.D.

For the Word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit.Hebrews 4:12

 What is a joint made of? Bone. The Word of God can divide between the bone and the marrow. I like the way the Norlie translation puts it: “The Word of God pen­etrates deeply, making a distinction between the bone and the marrow.”

How many of you knew that bone and marrow were two different things? In the same way, the spirit and soul are different. For the Word of God divides or makes a distinction between the soul and the spirit. How does the Word of God divide the soul and the spirit but by explain­ing the difference between the soul and the spirit? We are a spirit being, we have a soul, and we live in a body.

The Soul Has Three Parts

1. The mind

2. The will

3. The emotions

For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my understanding is unfruitful.

1 Corinthians 14:14

The Amplified Bible says it this way: “For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit by the help of the Holy Spirit within me prays, but my mind is unproductive.”

 When I pray in my heavenly prayer language, my spirit is active and involved, but my mind is unproductive.

We can see there is a difference between my spirit and my mind. If the mind is not part of the spirit, and it’s definitely not part of the body, then what is it part of? The mind is part of the soul. We can prove very easily that the mind and the human spirit are two different things. Can you drive through five o’clock rush hour traffic and do this calculation at the same time? Add five plus seven plus six plus twenty-one, divide by three, times four, and then add seventeen. If you tried that, you would overextend the ability of the mind. Yet you can drive through five o’clock rush hour traffic and pray in tongues at the same time.

Why is that? When I pray in tongues, it is my spirit that prays, not my mind. Now look at 1 Corinthians 14:2: “For he who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God.” Remember when I pray in tongues, my spirit is praying. Therefore, is it my spirit or my mind that talks to God? We can see I talk to God with my spirit, and God talks to me in my spirit. If I speak to God in English, that is with my soul; does God hear me? Yes, He does. But I must listen with my spirit.

On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, “out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.”John 7:37–38

In John 7:38 is the word heart. It is not talking about the physical blood pump? The word heart in the Greek is koilia, pronounced koy-lee-ah. This Greek word can be translated into English as hollow, a cavity, heart, belly, and womb.

I am sure we all agree these different explanations describe the deepest center of man’s being, which is the core of the spirit.

Jesus said that from the heart or the spirit of man will come forth rivers of living water. How does this happen? The answer is found in verse 39: “But Jesus spoke con­cerning the spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive, for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.” Jesus is saying that the believer will

receive the Holy Spirit, and then the thirst of his heart will be satisfied. I know many Christians who are born again and who are filled with the Spirit, yet they are con­tinually thirsty. They are continually depressed and sad.

Why is this? Answer: They are not drinking living water.

How do we drink living water from the Holy Spirit within us?

By praying in other tongues and by singing in other tongues. Paul was saying the same thing in 1 Corinthians 14:4: “He who speaks in a tongue edifies himself.”

Jude said the same thing in verse 20: “But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit.”

Paul said the same thing in Ephesians 3:16. “Be strengthened with might through His Spirit in the inner man.” The word might is dunamis in the Greek, which means power in action.

Jesus said, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink living water.”

Now let’s see if we can understand the different expe­riences of the Spirit man, the mind, and the body.

If I spend time worshiping God in other tongues, I will experience an inward satisfying. If I sit and listen to the preached Word of God or read the Bible, I will experience an inward satisfying. Is this inward, satisfying experience taking place in my spirit, my mind, or my body? Answer: my spirit.

Let’s experience the body. Take your right hand and put it on your left shoulder. You can feel your hand on your shoulder. Now remember this: The language of the body is feeling.

Let’s locate the mind. Add up the following figures in your mind. Two plus two plus five plus seven is what? The answer is sixteen. Now remember this: “The voice of my mind is reason.”

Now how many of you can tell the difference between a spiritual experience, a mental experience, and a physi­cal experience? Remember that spiritual experience is that deep inward satisfying.

Now remember this: Your spirit is in contact with the spiritual realm. Your soul is in contact with the mental and emotional realm. Your body is in contact with the physical realm. I live in three dimensions.

Christians are suffering from so many problems today because they do not know how to hear God’s voice. Every Christian has a scriptural right to know the voice of God. Jesus said in John 10:27, “My sheep know My voice.”

Let’s look at a portion of scripture to further prove the difference in the spiritual and the natural realms.

There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.” Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Most assur­edly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and

the Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again’.” John 3:1–7

Notice the following from this portion of Scripture:

1. Nicodemus thought Jesus was talking about physi­cal birth.

2. Jesus is talking about spiritual birth, one who is born of water and the spirit. Water in verse 5 refers to the Word of God. (This can be confirmed in Ephesians 5:26 and 1 Peter 1:23).

3. The same way your body is plunged into water at baptism, our spirit is plunged into the Holy Spirit in the born again experience. ( Jesus said, “I am the way the truth and the life.” Jesus said, “I am the resurrec­tion and the life.”)

Ephesians 2:1 says, “We were dead in our sins.” This means our spirit was cut off from the Spirit of God. When we accept Jesus as Lord and Savior, our spirit is birthed back into the Spirit of God. We are born again, born back into life for the second time.

 Now that you have a better grasp of the difference between the spiritual and the natural part of yourself, we can look a little deeper as to what to look for and recog­nize when listening for God’s guidance.

to continue on this study purchase and  read my book “BORN ANEW – Living the New Life with God’s Prevailing Purpose”